Copyright: Wulff & Morgenthaler
License: Fair Use/Education
Copyright: Wulff & Morgenthaler
License: Fair Use/Education
Tommy Thompson is a treasure hunter known for locating the wreck of the SS Central America. The ship, laden with 3 tons of gold, sank in 1857 off the coast of South Carolina killing 425 passengers. Thompson, with the backing of 160 investors, located the wreck in 1988 and was able to bring some items to the surface. The value of what remained underwater was reported to be $400 million making it the most valuable ship wreck discovery in history.
By the early 2000s, some of his investors sued him claiming that Thompson had sold the gold and kept the profits to himself. An arrest warrant was issued in 2012 but he was able to stay on the lam until early 2015. As part of a plea deal, Thompson said that some gold was in a trust account in Belize. He now claims to have no knowledge of the location of the gold. A federal judge has ordered him held in prison for the past 16 months for contempt of court. The judge has asked him to sign a power of attorney so attorneys for the investors can examine trust documents. Thompson has refused to do so.
One wonky point, one consequence, and one observation:
1. The trust is what is known as an asset protection trust. It is used by people to shield their assets from creditors. There is likely a provision in the trust that prohibits the trustee from revealing anything about the trust without the consent of the grantor. Thompson has refused to give that consent so the terms remain private. And he remains in jail.
2. Asset protection trusts are great in concept until a court forces the grantor to reveal the contents of the trust or to bring the assets back to the U.S. They then became no more valuable than the paper they are written on.
3. Salvage operations and justice both move equally slowly.
Photo Credit: AP File Photo/Delaware County Sheriff’s Office
License: Fair Use: Education
“S-Town” is the critically acclaimed successor podcast to “Serial.” The anti-hero, John B, lives in a Faulkner-esque house on 128 acres in Woodstock, Alabama with his octogenarian mother who suffers from dementia. He is a genius horologist (clock repairman), builder of a “Shining” type maze on his property, hypocrite about tattoos, and so obsessed with climate change and other problems that he makes Thomas Malthus seem optimistic.
John B. was thought to be worth a large amount of money by residents of Woodstock. During the podcast he mentions that he wants to leave $20,000 to his friend, Tyler. He also tells Tyler (spoiler alert) on the night that he commits suicide that Tyler can have his property. Sadly, John B. died without writing a will or without having a plan for someone to take care of his mother. Mystifyingly, John B. claims to have been unbanked which led Tyler and others to search his property for locations where he could have buried gold and cash. He did leave instructions with a friend about what to do and whom to contact after his death.
1. If one has to choose between leaving a will or instructions about what to do after death, one should choose a will.
2. Embrace the power of “AND”. One should be able to leave a will AND instructions about what to do after death.
3. Without a will, John B’s assets if found legally will go to his mother. Without a health care power of attorney, the care of his mother will go to a relative willing to serve as guardian.
4. Being unbanked might make sense for someone of little financial means. For someone who might have made hundreds of thousands dollars annually and is prone to suicidal threats, being unbanked can only lead to one’s property looking like a scene from “Holes.”
Just back from some college tours with Jack. South Carolina, Clemson and Tennessee specifically. Post about a podcast I listened to to follow shortly.
My friend, and mentor, Bill Keating, Jr. died earlier today. As a graduate of St. Xavier High School he truly exemplified the school’s motto of “men for others.”
Bill was not only a Hall of Fame swimmer at UC and St. X, but also a champion of women’s athletics and athletics for the disabled. I had heard, but forgotten, that when he was a senior swimmer at the University of Cincinnati that he gave his scholarship back so that someone else could benefit from it. I did not know that he donated his first paycheck as a lawyer to UC as gratitude for the education he received and the friendships he made. I do know that when I told him that Jack was applying to St. X, he immediately offered to write a letter of recommendation for him.
His “Thoughts of the Day” which were intended as a means of staying in touch with his son when he left for college were eventually distributed to thousands of people every day and then forwarded from there. My children were recipients of the forwarded advice hundreds of times.
I suspect that I will read tomorrow’s final Thought of the Day with a bit of moistness in my eyes. The City of Cincinnati, and I, will definitely miss him.
I subbed for Paul Daugherty’s The Morning Blog again yesterday in the Cincinnati Enquirer. I covered a bit of March Madness, the firing of Indiana’s Tom Crean, and the Bengals free agency moves (or lack thereof). I hope you enjoy it.
Audrey Hepburn died in 1993. She left her personal belongings, including costumes, scarves, hats, scripts, awards, and other memorabilia, equally to her two sons. They in turn loaned the memorabilia to a charity to display. After one of the sons ran into financial difficulties, he asked for the return of the property. He and his brother were unable to agree on how to divide the property so they went to court. They just settled their dispute last week.
Several brief points:
1. Most disputes about estate administration that I see are about the personal belongings and not the money. Oddly. And sadly.
2. In Ohio, people can easily specify which child or beneficiary is to receive a particular item by leaving a written document as a will companion so stating.
3. In Hepburn’s case, I feel sorry for anyone fighting over 25+ year old scarves and hats even if they once belonged to a famous person.
Photo Copyright: Paramount/REX/Shutterstock
License: Fair Use/Education
The State of Ohio is holding an auction this Friday and Saturday to sell the contents of abandoned safe deposit boxes to make room for additional items in the Unclaimed Funds department. The items include Kruggerands, silver bars, coins, and currency. This is the first auction of this type since 1998. The state has had some of the items in its possession since 1968.
A few brief points:
1. Some of the abandoned boxes belonged to decedents. I always advise my clients to notify their executors of the location of any safe deposit boxes to prevent them being lost.
2. The State of Ohio currently has $2.3 billion in unclaimed funds it is holding for their rightful owners. Those funds can be claimed by completing a form on the Ohio Department of Commerce website.
3. Almost 50 years since the state found some of these items? The wheels of bureaucracy grind slowly.
Photo Credit: Joshua A. Bickel/Columbus Dispatch
License: Fair Use/Education
When Frank Sinatra, Jr. died last March, he was embroiled in divorce litigation with his ex-wife, Cynthia. When they divorced in 2001, he was ordered to pay her $5,000 per month for a year. Sinatra continued to voluntarily make those payments for an additional 10 years until he was financially unable to do so. Rather than show gratitude, his ex-wife filed for a second divorce claiming that they were in a common law marriage in Texas because he continued to refer to her as his wife both on stage and privately.
Sinatra actually lived in California, paid California income taxes while he could have avoided taxes if he were a Texas resident (Texas does not have an income tax), and filed federal gift tax returns for the payment to his ex (transfers to spouses are not subject to gift taxes). Nonetheless, a Texas court ruled that they were married and awarded her $500,000, half of his $4.5 million house, and $5,000/month for another year. Sinatra died during the appeal which was ultimately decided posthumously in his favor.
So many possible points, but let’s stay with a few.
1. Only 15 states recognize common law marriages. Ohio is not one of them.
2. To have a common law marriage, couples must agree that they are married, tell others that they are married, and live together in the state which recognizes common law marriages.
3. If Sinatra was filing income tax returns as a California resident and filing federal gift tax returns for the payments to Cynthia, he did not consider her his wife.
4. Being a gentleman got Sinatra nowhere – he was trying to be considerate of Cynthia by not referring to her as his “former wife.” If he had to do it again, I suspect he would introduce her as “my EX-wife, hear that? My EX-wife.”
When Zsa Zsa Gabor died prior to Christmas, it was announced that her 9th husband had 90 days to vacate the Bel Air house she had owned since 1973. She had tried to sell the house several years ago, but finally accepted a lower offer in 2013 on the condition that she be allowed to reside there for the rest of her life. Now that she has died, her residency has terminated and her widower must move. The buyer will allegedly tear down the house.
A few minor points:
1. This arrangement is known as a life estate. Given her paralysis and amputations, I doubt the buyer thought she would live 3 more years.
2. Hugh Hefner allegedly has a similar arrangement for the famed Playboy Mansion.
3. Crazy times we live in when an $11 million property is a tear down.
Ken Thompson was the Brooklyn District Attorney who died of cancer in October. Two weeks prior to his death, he allegedly changed his will to omit any bequest to his mother and instead left his estate in trust for his wife and 2 young children.
His mother is contesting the will alleging that he did not know what he was doing due to his illness. As support for her theory, she argues that Thompson was unhappy with his marriage because of the amount of money his wife was spending.
Three quick points:
1. It is anything but unusual for a man with young children to leave his entire estate to his wife and children. Providing for a mother is what would be unusual.
2. The creation of trusts to assist his wife with financial management of the inheritance shows mental clarity not lack of mental capacity.
3. If Thompson was unhappy with his wife’s spending, he is in the majority of husbands.
The Walt Disney Company is reportedly set to receive $50 million due to the death of Carrier Fisher. Disney owns Star Wars and had taken out an insurance policy on Fisher in the event she was unable to complete the new three film trilogy. Filming had wrapped on Episode VIII but Episode IX, due in 2019, will need a script re-write.
Several minor points:
1. The insurance on Fisher is a form of “key man” insurance which many companies purchase on the lives of their valuable employees to protect the company in the event of the death of the employee.
2. $50 million seems excessive given the limited role that Fisher played in The Force Awakens.
3. The insurance carrier is likely wishing that it had rather insured the life of Harrison Ford, whose Han Solo died during Episode VII, and who will not appear in any more episodes.
Photo Copyright: REX/Walt Disney/Shutterstock/Robot
License: Fair Use/Educational Purposes
Apparently I am only in the seasons’ greetings business. Celebrity estate planning blogging to pick up soon. Best wishes for the new year.
From my family to yours. We are thankful for your friendship.
I subbed for Paul Daugherty’s The Morning Line Blog again on Friday. I compiled a Christmas Wish List for local sports teams and wished three lumps of coal for the University of Louisville. I hope you enjoy it.
Robert Oesterland and Sarah Pursglove made an enormous fortune in various business such as promising people credit cards, forming membership style clubs for various items such as DVDs, and selling web browser toolbars promising to remove computer viruses. When Pursglove started divorce proceedings, Oesterland swore in court that he was only worth several million dollars. Although Pursglove was unaware of their financial details, she knew they had several assets alone worth more than that, including a $30 million Toronto penthouse and a yacht that cost several million dollars annually to operate. When Pursglove started investigating their finances, she discovered they were difficult to determine because of the opacity provided by the use of myriad LLCs and trusts in tax haven destinations. The divorce is still on-going.
1. Wealthy individuals use off-shore trusts to protect their wealth from creditors as an advanced form of asset protection planning.
2. Wealthy individuals also use off-shore trusts to hide their assets from taxation in an illegal form of tax avoidance.
3. It is no surprise that a man who made money by signing people up for memberships that continually charged their credit cards, promised credit cards to people but only gave them a list of credit card companies, and sold browser toolbars with no benefits would deceive his wife in divorce proceedings.
I am an attorney located in Cincinnati, Ohio who practices in the areas of estate planning, probate, asset protection, and small business advice. I make a difficult and bewildering process as simple as possible. Most importantly, I provide "more for less" for my clients.